Growing Finfish in Indonesia

Mr Erwin Suwendi, Head of Nutrition and QC, Aquaculture division of JAPFA Group, Indonesia

The global production of farmed finfish is over 49 million tonnes of which Indonesia contributed approximately 7%, predominantly from inland aquaculture (FAO, 2016). The leading species are tilapia with almost 1 million tonnes, followed by the clarias and pangasius, common carp, and from the marine environment, groupers. The country’s finfish farming industry is currently facing many challenges including weak purchasing power, shortage of fry and juveniles, climate change, poor regulation and management of water resources, frequent outbreaks of diseases (bacterial and/or viral infections) and environmental pollution. These problems have eventually led to declining volumes in finfish production. On the other hand, there is a growing momentum to learn from the past, educate farmers and influence market demand; calling for more responsible and sustainable methods to grow future finfish production via technology and a nutritional holistic approach.

The first part of the presentation will look at the current status along the supply chain covering the sectors of broodstock and genetics, hatchery, grow-out, feed, processing and marketing. The second part focuses on a SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats) analysis of the finfish aquaculture industry in Indonesia. Additionally, the importance of strategies facilitating a rapid implementation of cost-effective programs for major species cultured will be discussed. Relevant experiences from farming freshwater fish and marine fish species will be highlighted, as well as their implications for the expansion of the Indonesian finfish aquaculture.