Manoj M Sharma
Mayank Aquaculture Private Limited
Manoj M Sharma is Director of M/S Mayank Aquaculture Pvt Ltd, India since 2009. He has 25 years of experience in the planning and execution of shrimp farms around Surat, Gujarat. Manoj plays an important role in the development of sustainable shrimp farming with more than 2,000 ha of farming area benefiting thousands of rural communities. As Technical Advisor to the Surat Aquaculture Farmers Association (SAFA), Manoj developed the concept of satellite shrimp farming that brought manifold increases in shrimp production in Gujarat. Currently, the group producers more than 10,000 tonnes of shrimp annually. Manoj is active in the Surat and Gujarat Aquaculture Farmers Associations. Surat is one of the most successful shrimp producing districts in the west coast of India. Manoj received the “Best BW Shrimp/Fish Farmer- Coastal States” award in 2018 from the National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB), Hyderabad and the prestigious “India’s Small Giants” award from the India SME Forum in 2014. In 2005, he received the ‘Best Fish Farmer Award” from the Central Institute of Fisheries Education, Mumbai. Manoj has a Masters degree in Fisheries Management from the Central Institute of Fisheries Education (Deemed University, ICAR), Mumbai, India and a PhD in Fisheries Science (shrimp farming) from the Swami Ramanand Teerth University, Nanded, Maharashtra, India.
|Session 3||SWOT Analysis On The Asian Model|
|Presentation||Bringing Back Black Tiger – Better Or Blunder|
Today, India is one of the largest farmed shrimp producers and exporters in the world. The introduction of Litopenaeus vannamei has changed the fortunes of many in shrimp farming with tenfold increases in shrimp production. If we study the shrimp farming era in India, the country began shrimp farming with the indigenous species Penaeus monodon (black tiger shrimp). From the beginning of monodon farming, India produced close to 70,000 tonnes per year. Limitations to production were quality seed and disease-free monodon broodstock.
To support the shrimp farming sector, the vannamei shrimp was introduced in 2009 with guidelines. Subsequently, India experienced the “Vannamei Tsunami” with production increasing manifolds, such as Andhra Pradesh with 70% shrimp production. Farms in Gujarat and Maharashtra are currently facing production and profitability issues with vannamei shrimp farming and are thinking of going back to farming the monodon shrimp.
Bringing back monodon in the most modern and bio-secured farm facilities using the present vannamei model should not be a problem for farmers, but they need to keep a close watch on monodon growth and survival as the carrying capacity of farms have been severely reduced due to repeated vannamei shrimp farming. Farmers also need to understand the market of monodon shrimp in the present scenario where vannamei shrimp completely occupies the size in the 5g to 50g segment.
This presentation will discuss all the angles of bringing back the monodon shrimp production and reverting to the market space. Only the farmers’ perspectives and preparedness can decide whether bringing back monodon will prove to be better or a blunder.