Shrimp farming is a century old practice in Asia. However, the rapid increase in world population and food demand in the 20th century has driven the shrimp industry to be a billion-dollar industry. While this has given farmers economic benefits, at the same time, we need to be careful of its environmental impact as we need to produce more shrimp in the future.
The use of technology such as real time monitoring, farm automation and AI will be key to achieving higher farm productivity in a sustainable way. The implementation of this technology is not only limited to farms during the culture period but can also be implemented throughout the supply chain to improve efficiency and traceability.
Real time water quality monitoring can help farmers to increase stocking density while maintaining important parameters such as pH and dissolved oxygen. Auto feeders can help farmers to lower feed conversion ratios and customise feeding regime to suit farm conditions. AI can analyse all farm data and give farmers suggestions on how to manage their ponds and predict the harvest yield. Farmers can also view real time market prices to help them better decide on the best time to stock and harvest.
All this technology is still in the early stages of development but opens so many possibilities for the future. We can imagine fully autonomous high density RAS farms in the future that produce high quality shrimp with zero pollution. To reach that goal, we still need to continue to improve the technology and upscale implementation to drive down costs. JALA believes the implementation of technology will help farmers improve farm productivity as well as sustainability and traceability in Asia’s shrimp industry.