Robins McIntosh
Executive Vice President
Charoen Pokphand Foods
Bangkok, Thailand

Robins McIntosh is Executive Vice President, Charoen Pokphand Foods Public Company, Thailand
He has been involved in shrimp aquaculture for over 30 years, having lived and worked in Brazil, Hawaii, Myanmar, Philippines, Guatemala, Mexico, Belize, India, and Thailand. His projects have spanned the development of grow-out systems, shrimp feeds, and hatchery technologies. Robins was responsible for developing the first zero water exchange, intensive and revolutionary shrimp farm, i.e. Belize Aquaculture, Ltd in Belize. Prior to Belize he worked as a technical consultant to both Zeigler Brothers in the development of advanced P. vannamei diets and with several large farms in Guatemala, Mexico and Honduras. His initial work in shrimp aquaculture was with the freshwater prawn Macrobrachium, being employed as a researcher with Weyerhaeuser in Florida and Brazil. Shrimp was interrupted for four years as he took on responsibilities of developing and managing the algae to fuel program for the U.S. DOE (Solar Energy Research Institute). Shrimp and Macrobrachium projects in Myanmar brought him back to Asia, where he later was involved in the development and management of Thai Hawaiian Hatcheries in Thailand. Robins is currently employed as Executive Vice President for technical development of shrimp culture within the Charoen Pokphand Group. He joined the Group in 2001 to assist with the restructuring of shrimp culture in Thailand and Southeast Asia. Under his direction, hatcheries were modernized, genetic programs were initiated, and farm management was made more systematic and biosecure. Robins continues to work on increasing the efficiency of shrimp culture and finding solutions to eradicate EMS/APHND and EHP diseases in shrimp.

Session 3 SWOT Analysis On The Asian Model
Presentation Cultured Shrimp In 2030: Low Density Models Of The Americas Or The More Intensive Models Of Asia


For the past decade, there has been an undeclared competition between the American shrimp culture system that emphasizes lower density shrimp with less focus on pond control and biosecurity, and the Asian shrimp culture system with higher stocking densities in smaller more controlled ponds.  The lower density strategies of the Americas use large ponds and non-SPF (specific pathogen free) shrimp stocks will be contrasted with the more intensive models of Asia that use SFP shrimp stocks cultured using pond biosecurity measures in smaller ponds.

The key elements that will determine which systems will expand are:

1) the sustainability of the system (to continue to produce shrimp consistently year after year);
2) the efficiency of the system (to produce shrimp at competitive pricing); and
3) the environmental impact of the system (to mitigate the impact of producing more and more shrimp to supply world demand).

These key elements are examined for each system with a final prognostication which system will be producing the majority of the shrimp in a decade from now.